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Android O is supposed to make Android updates

Google is all over again trying to resolve the problem of gradual Android updates, and this time, the employer says it has an answer that’ll make it “less complicated, quicker, and less pricey for producers” to update their telephones to new versions of Android.

The solution is a feature inside of Android O referred to as “Project Treble,” which is supposed to allow manufacturers replace their telephones without having to make a ton of software changes first.

Google has basically split apart its own work on Android from the

Work that its hardware partners do on Android to ensure it really works with their ultra-modern chips. If Treble works like Google says it does, corporations like Samsung and Motorola may be able to issue Android updates without waiting for a chip associate, like Qualcomm, to first send along software program updates.

It’s not clear if this gets rid of all hurdles or if manufacturers will still update Android’s code to make certain that functions specific to their smartphone are running. But it actually appears like one of the most concrete matters Google has completed to address the problem of Android fragmentation.

While the fragmentation scenario has gotten higher through the years, it, in reality, hasn’t gone away: the ultra-modern version of Android, Nougat, has been out for more than eight months and remains on handiest 7 percent of Android phones. Android Jelly Bean, which turned into succeeded nearly 4 years ago, is on more gadgets than that.

Google has attempted to speed up Android updates in the beyond without a good deal success, so this is nevertheless very a good deal something we should be patient on. And possibly extra importantly, there’s nonetheless one huge hurdle: this option arrives in Android O, and who is aware of when any current telephones get updated to the brand new OS.

We’ll pay attention greater about Treble at Google’s I/O conference next week. The business enterprise must be talking more about Android O there, too, although the operating gadget probably received see a full release till later in the year.

Android Testing Frameworks


To correctly conduct cell checking out, the specialists can use unique frameworks each for iOS and Android trying out. These frameworks provide the rapid and precise test of the cell product. Not it’s miles the time to check Robotium, a framework for Android-base applications.

The factor is that the capacities of standard frameworks for Android are by some means confined:

they do now not help more than one capabilities,
the check scripts are accomplished instead gradual,
the shape of taking a look at cases is complex and it is difficult to release them.
Robotium does no longer have such problems. It is an open-source framework. It could be very suitable for developers as they are able to layout the automatic GUI check scripts, functional and popularity test eventualities for more than one operations.

What Are the Main Features of Robotium?

Support multi-tasking
Simply take a look at cases
Integration with IDE
High degree of performance
High test insurance
There are sorts of training: Solo training and ActivityInstrumentationTestCase2. With the help of Robotium, a tester is capable of layout check instances without being privy to the specifics of product device. In different phrases, he’s going to carry out black container testing. This precise function signifies this checking framework from the alternative ones.
How to Use Robotium for Android Testing?

Install the library of the framework to the undertaking underneath take a look at.
Create check instances the use of the method of Solo class.
Run written tests on the specified gadgets (OS version, version).
Analyze the test outcomes.
One more beneficial framework for Android merchandise is Roboelectric. The trying out method with this device does no longer require a particular tool or emulator. The experts are able to run assessments directly on JVM (Java Virtual Machine).

What Are the Cons of Roboelectric?

High performance
High check coverage
Execution on JVM
Support black field testing
No mocking
Inflation of resource and perspectives
Roboelectric supports the subsequent capabilities: the advent of Shadow instructions, the interception of the loading of Android training, the use of Javaassist, the binding of Shadow object to Android class. Due to a lot of these options, the checking of the application does not require the actual Android surroundings.
Nowadays, cellular trying out may be very good sized as most people of customers make use of cell devices for various desires. Of route, there is a number of different checking out frameworks for checking Android-based totally application and packages. Among them there are:

How Are Big Retailers Supposed To Protect Their Brands When They’re Closing 100s Of Stores?


The retail quarter simply cannot appear to get its act together, they are trying to make us all dependable clients after which spam our inboxes to hell. They faux to care, however, supply us, lousy provider, even as of their shops, this is if we are able to even locate a person to assist us. They offer cut-price coupons but we can not discover it while we go shopping, Free Rain Check, they say, properly, it really is no longer correct enough. Then when they, in the end, do lower some expenses on their cheaply made Chinese imports, we discover it’s only because they’re last their doors and promoting their “dependable purchaser statistics” to a competitor without our permission and the method starts of evolved all once more – whilst will those box shops study – maybe whilst they’re all long past?

The USA Today had an interesting and horrifying article addressing the future of brick and mortar retailing titled; “Macy’s reducing 6,2 hundred jobs, identifies 68 shops in order to be last,” published on January 4, 2017, which said;

“Retail icon Macy’s says in a launch that it’s making “adjustments to the manner shops are operated and decreasing discipline infrastructure given the reduced store sales and evolving purchase behavior.”
The organization expects to register expenses of approximately $250 million in the fourth area of 2016 that were now not formerly blanketed in its earnings guidance.”

If you’ll consider Macy’s closed a hundred stores lower back in past due August/September of 2016.

Maybe it is greater of a matter or shielding shareholder’s equity and quarterly income. There turned into a thrilling article in Reuters on January 20, 2017, titled; “U.S. Branch stores regular profitability boat at the same time as income slide,” written through Nandita Bose and Siddharth Cavale (Chicago Correspondents) which stated: “U.S. Branch store chains, hit through slowing sales for extra than years, have used layoffs, shop closings and cutbacks to maintain one factor of balance: income margins.”

Sure, I get that, they want to make extra money, greater income, rent fewer human beings and paintings them part-time to avoid expensive out-of-control ObamaCare mandates. And nevertheless, I realize that the Retailing Industry hardly needs some other apologetic for his or her conduct and trampling of their purchaser base, in any case, they’ve their personal propaganda and PR groups to regulate the minds of their mindless masses with their loyal patron mass data.

If matters do not alternate in the retail zone, then the likes of Amazon goes to eat their lunch and then deliver a substitute through a web sandwich order introduced via drone. And believe me, it is already going on – think on this.

Why Google’s Hummingbird Updates Are Bad News for Cookie Cutter Webmasters


Today, the playing field for online marketing is a long way from being a stage. A small or medium-sized business has little or no finances for getting advertisement and pay according to click promotion, they are frequently left behind large companies with allotted budgets and advertising and marketing departments. They once in a while invest into an internet site, however, see no gain from it, and give up on getting customers from the internet. In different instances, they get an email from an “SEO professional” firm telling them that their website desires to program. They pay a low rate for development, but – as the modifications are executed the use of old software program producing automated, inappropriate links – this will now not deliver effects, both.

The opportunity for small companies to improve their website is to interact with a local marketing expert, understanding the rules and the dreams and necessities of the enterprise.

Hummingbird Search Engine Update is about Relevance

Hummingbird, the name – in step with Google – refers to an algorithm this is speedy and unique. This manner that the more applicable the website online is to search queries the better it will rank in search engines. However, it is also important to be aware that the agency considers person engagement and social media weight as one of the major ranking factors. This method that seeking to rank for “buy an automobile” will now not be feasible, nor could be clever. Instead, supplying product and provider names, descriptions, to slender the outcomes and seem more relevant is the way ahead for agencies’ online advertising approach.

How Small Businesses Can Benefit from Google Algorithm Updates

The Hummingbird update is right information for small and medium-sized organizations. Instead of counting on a software program, they could create an income funnel this is relevant to the needs and expectancies in their local marketplace and target their clients higher. The online advertising and promotion gambling subject have just been leveled, and it is less difficult to rank on the first web page with applicable and unique content material than ever before. Companies counting on search engine optimization software program and robots will lose out, and smaller games get a danger to get extra clients on-line.



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